Last Letter of Ensign Takatsugu Ichikawa to His Parents
On February 26, 1945 , Ensign Takatsugu Ichikawa died at the age of 23 when
submarine I-370, which was carrying five kaiten manned torpedoes, was sunk in an
engagement with the enemy between Iwo Jima and Saipan. On February 21, 1945, submarine I-370 made a sortie from Hikari Kaiten Base in Yamaguchi
Prefecture with 79 crewmen and five kaiten pilots who were members of the Kaiten
Special Attack Corps Chihaya Unit. All men on board died when the submarine
was attacked. Ichikawa was from Niigata Prefecture, attended Waseda University in
Tōkyō, and was a member of the 4th Class of the Navy Branch Reserve Students (Heika
Yobi Gakusei). He received a promotion to Lieutenant after his death, which was recognized by the Navy as part of
a special (suicide) attack.
He wrote the following final letter on the day before his sortie from Hikari
Dear Father and Mother,
Dealing with this changing world during my life of 25 years ,
at last tomorrow morning I will make a sortie as a member of the Kaiten
Special Attack Corps Chihaya Squadron.
What I would like to say to you now is that I deeply appreciate your
love. Concentrating on blowing up and sinking the enemy, I only expect to
I will ride a Kikusui  weapon. I have hidden a photo of you inside my
white hachimaki (headband), and I will wear my senninbari
(thousand-stitch belt worn for good luck) around my midsection. Please imagine my figure as I
dash forward to destroy the enemy, and be glad that I can do a small useful
deed for the country.
Well then, I will go.
February 20, 1945
Kaiten Special Attack Corps Chihaya Squadron
Navy Ensign Takatsugu Ichikawa
Letter translated by Bill Gordon
The letter comes from Mediasion
(2006, 93). The biographical information in the first paragraph comes from
Konada and Kataoka (2006, 161-73, 377), Mediasion (2006, 50, 81, 93), and
Ōtsushima Kaiten Monument.
1. The traditional Japanese method of counting
age, as in much of East Asia, regards a child as age one at birth and adds an
additional year on each New Year's day thereafter. This explains why the letter
indicates his age as 25 whereas the current way of counting age indicates that
his age was 23 (Mediasion 2006, 93) at time of death.
2. Kikusui means water chrysanthemum and was the
symbol of the family of Kusunoki Masashige, a 14th century samurai who
symbolized courage and devotion to the Emperor. Kikusui was the symbol adopted
by the Kaiten Special Attack Corps.
Konada, Toshiharu, and Noriaki Kataoka. 2006. Tokkō
kaiten sen: Kaiten tokkōtai taichō no kaisō (Special attack kaiten
battles: Kaiten special attack corps leader's reminiscences). Tōkyō:
The Mediasion Co. 2006. Ningen gyorai kaiten (Kaiten
human torpedo). Hiroshima: The Mediasion Co.