Linebackers of the Sea
by Ray Lubeski
AuthorHouse, 2010, 251 pages
Author Ray Lubeski served aboard the destroyer USS Harlan R. Dickson
(DD-708) from 1955 to 1958. This history entitled Linebackers of the Sea
covers American destroyers that fought in WWII and their heroic crewmen,
including many who died in battle. The ships covered in this book generally
duplicate those included in Robert Sinclair Parkin's 1995 history entitled Blood
on the Sea: American Destroyers Lost in World War II. However, Lubeski does
not clarify the exact scope of his book, since some destroyers lost in WWII
(e.g., Hull (DD-350), Brownson (DD-518)) do not get included, and
other destroyers that fought but did not sink (e.g., Hazelwood (DD-531),
Murphy (DD-603)) are included.
Most of the 75 destroyers and three other ships in this book have a
separate chapter that covers each ship's history. The first half of the book
has ships that saw action in the Atlantic, and the last half tells stories of
ships in the Pacific. The author writes that he obtained
most destroyer histories from Wikipedia with supplements for some ships based on
interviews of survivors or their relatives. These firsthand accounts greatly
enhance the histories, but only about a third of the destroyers included in the
book have personal stories, and a few of these are quite short such as the
following one from a survivor of USS Pringle (DD-477), which sank after
being hit by a kamikaze aircraft carrying a bomb on April 16, 1945 (p. 151).
I had a very short conversation with Bill Herman, one of the survivors of
the USS Pringle. Bill was a Yeoman First Class on board. He said all
he could remember of that day was GQ (General Quarters) went off when the
Kamikazes came flying over. He quickly got to his GQ station which was a 5"
gun mount located on the stern. Bill was a loader and kept on loading until
the guns stopped working. They got the call to abandon ship and he jumped
into the water and was there for three hours before the Hobson picked
them up. That's all Bill remembered.
The book includes histories of all 14 destroyers sunk by kamikaze aircraft,
and it also has stories of some other destroyers, such as Rodman (DMS-21,
originally DD-456), hit and seriously damaged by kamikazes. These ship histories appear
generally accurate, but the book includes some mistakes related to kamikaze
pilots. Vice Admiral Takijiro Ohnishi formed the first kamikaze unit in the
Philippines in October 1944, but the author writes about kamikazes
all the way back to 1942. For example, he mentions the USS Hornet (CV-8) under
attack by 27 kamikazes on October 26, 1942, and another 30 kamikazes attacking a
group of American ships including the USS Juneau (CL-52) on November 12,
1942 (pp. 244-5). The excerpt below regarding kamikaze training has no support in actual history (p.
102), especially the references to a suicide manual and to the 23 pilots who
volunteered for the first kamikaze unit since they immediately sortied the next
day although they returned to base after not locating enemy ships:
The volunteers for the Kamikaze Corps were all young and inexperienced
pilots. They were given seven days of indoctrination that included building
willingness for suicide missions by instilling aggressive spirit. Their
first two days were spent on take off practice, and take off and formation
assembly. Two days of formation flying. And the final three days were
devoted to a suicide manual that had been prepared, and practice in
approaching enemy targets.
Although young and relatively inexperienced in battle, most kamikaze pilots
had joined the Navy or Army well over a year before their suicide missions and
had received several months of flight training, although toward the end of the
war fuel shortages curtailed training flights.
Lubeski's history, Linebackers of the Sea, contains many typographical
errors such as incorrect capitalization, wrong spacing, misspelling, inaccurate
numbers, and missing letters, which detract from the ship histories.
Although personal accounts provide high points such as the story of
Bob Jones, who survived a kamikaze attack that sank his ship William D.
Porter (DD-579), these stories from survivors are relatively few, and some
lack details. For those interested in the history of WWII destroyers, the
quality of Parkin's book Blood on the Sea,
despite its own errors, exceeds this history by Ray Lubeski since it has more
thorough research, contains appendixes with reference information about WWII
destroyers and their operations, and includes
some personal stories in individual destroyer histories.